ネパール評論 Nepal Review

ネパール研究会

しっくりこない新国歌

谷川昌幸(C)

新国歌が8月4日,正式決定され発表された。音楽(メロディ)は好きずきだが,出来不出来は厳然としてあり,趣味判断は出来る。ズバリ,新国歌はダメだ。歌詞は別として,こんな曲では元気も出ない。「君が代」といい勝負だ。

新国歌(2007.8.4-)
 ・作詞 Byakul Maila
 ・作曲 Amber Gurung

旧国歌(1899-)
 ・作詞 Chakrapani Chalise
 ・作曲 Bakhatbir Budhapirthi

そもそも国歌を政府が権力的に決定するという発想が時代錯誤だ。国歌は長年歌い継がれてきたものが国民愛唱歌となり,国歌となる。それなのに,お上(政府)が決めて下々に与えるなどという反民主主義的発想に囚われているから,こんなしっくりこない小学校校歌のような曲を国歌にしてしまうのだ。

こんな曲なら,旧国歌の曲に新しい歌詞をつけた方がはるかによい。フランスやドイツですら,都合の悪い歌詞を時代に合わせなんとかやりくりし,古い国歌を使いつづけている。

ネパール旧国歌のメロディは,短いにもかかわらず威厳があり,元気が出て,いかにも有り難い曲だった。100年もの歴史をバカにしていると,文化が廃れてしまう。

"Nepal’s national anthem is one of the oldest in world history. Since a monarchy was established by Prithvi Narayan Shah after unifying the petty states into Nepal, the then poet Chakrapani Chalise took upon it, as early as 1899, to pour national tribute through the national anthem. The music was composed by Bhaktabir Budhapirati. Thus, it has been molding the Nepalese nationalistic psyche for one hundred and seven years." (Bijay Kumar Rauniyar, Rising Nepal,2006-9-16)

* Cf. e-Kantipur, 4 Aug.(語句一部訂正,英文記事追加,8/5)
*「稚拙な」を「しっくりこない」に修正,「学芸会」削除(8/9)

 ▼参考意見(8月12日追加)
Kathmanduspeaksというブログに,次のような意見が出ていた。著者がどのような方か全く存じ上げない。どのような立場の方であれ,国歌を公定するについて,異論はあった方がよい。参考までに,抜粋を掲載する。もともと歌詞の議論だったようだが,意見は曲の方に集まっている。曲に違和感をもつ人が,ネパールにも少なからずいるようだ。

Kathmanduspeaks
I won’t sing the song- and, perhaps, it won’t make a difference. But for me- it makes a lot of difference. "Rato Ra Chandra Surya"- is far more patriotic and historic than this Mahila’s crap.
National Song or National Shame
Do you expect me to sing Byakul’s song? Should I stand when it’s played on government programmes and functions? Do you expect me to show respect to my national anthem? Then, throw the new anthem into a dustbin. Conduct a referendum- not now, dear leaders, don’t worry- to see if we, Nepali people, accept it as our national song or not. It’s not that you can decide if our country will be Nepal or New-Nepal with a monarch or a president or we’ll be a democracy or a republic- you just do your job- show us that you can hold CA elections on time. As for the rest- leave them unto us.
"I was telling my mom how Indian national song is- and how they sing the national anthem of Netherland with full synergy," my friend said, "But when our national song was played on the television, I was so sorry. Do we call this a national song?"
"This song is like one we used to sing in our annual school-day functions," another said.
"When Rato Ra Chandra Surya’ is played, our blood boils with patriotism. I don’t like this song, but now that they have made it our new anthem- we must accept it. It’s not so bad, isn’t it," my another colleague said sarcastically.
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August 4, 2007 6:51 AM  
Nepali Akash said…
the way it ends with "jaya jaya nepala" lacks melody. Sounds like a pop version of a folk song.

August 4, 2007 10:43 AM  
Prajwol said…
I agree with Nepali Akash. Though, it’s very hard to replace the anthem that we are used to all our lives, I believe the composition could have been better.
I have no problem with the words, it seems quite comprehensive, but I was really hoping for better compositon . Since this is a national issue, rather than just assigning handfull composers, government could have asked everyone/anyone to come up with a tune, and conduct a popularity poll to finalise.
Like I mentioned earlier, since we were used to previous version, it might take us little long time to getting used to new one, and ultimatly liking it.

* http://kathmanduspeaks.blogspot.com/2007/08/nepals-new-anthem.html

Written by Tanigawa

2007/08/04 @ 22:45

カテゴリー: 音楽